Latest News


Augmented Reality Environment for Submarines (ARES)

August 2015 - In-Depth was awarded a Phase I SBIR contract ARES by NAVSEA to develop augmented reality techniques to visually present an integrated navigation decision to an operator – as an overlay to periscope imagery. Our solution reduces workload and frustration and improves speed and safety. At present, submarine sailors cognitively integrate Electronic Chart Display and Information Systems (ECDIS) maps (e.g. Voyage Management System – VMS) with contact information (e.g. combat system information) and their direct visual perception of the world (e.g. optical periscope imagery) to make safety-critical navigation decisions. The process of cognitively integrating information is frustrating and tiring – leading to missed opportunities and errors. Our novel ARES approach uses AR Visual Depth Aids (VDAs), AR Objects and Augmentation to ease operator workload and improve safety.

Reverberation Mitigation of Speech (REMIS)

July 2015 - In-Depth, in collaboration with researchers at the University of Maryland were recently awarded an STTR to study the applicability of advanced signal processing techniques to remove reverberation from speech in an Air Force environment. At present, vocal communication takes place in complex and noisy acoustic environments. These environments significantly degrade the quality and intelligibility of speech and severely hamper the performance of Air Force systems. Current mitigation approaches are too dependent upon exact knowledge of the reverberant environment. Our novel REMIS approach applies biomimetic decomposition of sound into spectrotemporal modulations; a technique we refer to as Cortical Processing, to this problem.

Aegis Ship Integration and Test (SI&T)

April 2015 - In-Depth is pleased to provide integration and test support to Lockheed Martin on the AEGIS SI&T Program. Ship Integration and Test engineering and technical efforts deliver fully integrated and tested combat systems in support of DDG 51 class new construction ships as well as fleet modernization programs for in-service DDG 51 and CG 47 class AEGIS ships and BMD capability upgrades. In-Depth support includes new construction and post-delivery SI&T support.

Adaptive Competency Trainer (AGE-S) Phase II SBIR Award

December 2014 - In-Depth is pleased to have been awarded a Phase II ONR SBIR for the development of a prototype Adaptive Training Solution for BLQ-10. Our solution, referred to as the Adaptive Gaming Environment for Submarine (AGE-S) is an Adaptive Competency Trainer that couples a high fidelity sim/stim front-end with tactical displays to create scenario driven training and feedback. We implement a tailored “Item Response Theory” algorithm to produce adaptive course navigation – to improve training experience and tailor training to individual operator needs. AGE-S measures sailor proficiency in-situ to provide a custom navigation path through course. Custom navigation keeps the operator in the flow (see Mihály Csíkszentmihályi).

Hardkill SSTD for Crudes Rapid Innovation Fund Award

July 2014 - In-Depth Engineering is pleased to announce the award of a Rapid Innovation Fund contract to build and demonstrate a Hardkill Surface Ship Torpedo Defense (SSTD) capability for CRUDES platforms. Our efforts include integration of a Tactical Control Group (TCG) (previously developed for SSTD/TWS) into the AN/SQQ-89. Our solution provides a unified OMI and Weapon Control for the ATT Launch capability, Mk-54 OTS Launch capability and Mk-54 VLA Launch capability.

Aegis Combat Systems Engineering Agent (CSEA)

January 2014 - To fulfill the Navy’s future requirements for Integrated Air and Missile Defense (IAMD) capability and address Ballistic Missile Defense (BMD) and Air Defense (AD) capability gaps, an improved version of the DDG 51 Class Destroyer called DDG 51 Flight III is being developed. DDG 51 Flight III will be equipped with the Air and Missile Defense Radar (AMDR) suite, which is also currently under development, and ACB20. ACB20 will be fielded on both Flight IIA DDGs and Flight III DDGs. AMDR will replace the AN/SPY-1 radar system on the Flight III DDGs. ACB20 will include AMDR integration and is targeted for 2020 or 2021 to meet the ship delivery schedule for DDG 51 Flight III. In-Depth is pleased to serve as a subcontractor to LM/Moorestown on this effort.

SSTD Team Awarded the 2013 Excellence in Partnership Award for “Myth-busters” DoD

October 2013 - The Torpedo Warning System (TWS) team, as part of the overall Surface Ship Torpedo Defense (SSTD) team including PMS 415, 3 Phoenix, Inc (3Pi) as Prime Contractor, with valued partners In Depth Engineering and Teledyne Geophysical Instruments, has been awarded the 2013 Excellence in Partnership Award for “Myth-Busters” (DoD). This is in recognition of the outstanding effort put forth by the team to design and deliver the first TWS system to the USS George H.W. Bush (CVN 77) on a highly accelerated schedule.

The Myth-Busters Award (DoD) is presented to an individual or office for facilitating open communication between government and industry during the acquisition process and effectively breaking down communication barriers to create a collaborative procurement environment.

“Challenged by the Chief of Naval Operations (CNO) to deliver the first hard-kill Surface Ship Torpedo Defense (SSTD) System in a compressed timeframe, the SSTD Team from PMS415 developed, installed, and tested a system that met the CNO’s goal in 16 months. Key to the team’s success was their ability to bring together the resources of industry, three innovative small businesses, five Naval Warfare Centers, and the Applied Research Laboratory (ARL) of Pennsylvania State University. Faced with overwhelming engineering challenges, the team fused together the expertise of each entity involved to construct a Family of Systems to meet the Navy’s requirement. The traditional acquisition processes and engineering swim lanes were broken down and simplified to maximize communications of key requirements in both development and procurement. All team members understood that they were dealing with zero cost and schedule margin so the elements of team collaboration were paramount in meeting the CNO’s goal.”

Tactical Advancements for the Next Generation

October 2013 - On the midwatch, a boring transit—have you ever wished that the systems onboard the submarines were a little more like your iPad, Xbox, or Android phone? Imagine replacing the wardroom table with a large multi-touch collaboration surface like in the latest James Bond movie or in Corning’s “Day Made of Glass” video. Visualize all of your publications and maintenance material on your own tablet. Think about using an Xbox360 controller to operate the periscope. Imagine a redesigned Sonar, Imaging, and Combat System that looks and feels like one system with all of the information at your fingertips just like at home. That’s what a bunch of hand-picked junior officers and Sailors imagined at the first-of-its-kind Tactical Advancements for the Next Generation (TANG) Forum in November 2011. These creative and energetic Submariners looked beyond their current technology and challenged the notion of “this is how we have always done it.” Instead, the TANG participants asked, “How might we...?” The ideas and prototypes they created were so compelling that they were incorporated into development for the next Advanced Processing Build (APB). APB-13 will feature some of their ideas...all within two years!

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Navy Develops Torpedo Killing Torpedo

June 2013 - The Navy has taken its first steps to develop a weapon designed to intercept and destroy guided enemy torpedoes immune to U.S. countermeasures, Naval Sea Systems Command officials told USNI News on Wednesday.

The Surface Ship Torpedo Defense (SSTD) program under development to protect high dollar surface warships — like the Navy’s Nimitz-class (CVN-68) nuclear aircraft carriers — from Soviet developed torpedoes specifically designed to attack large ships like aircraft carriers and large civilian oil tankers.

The tests — conducted in May onboard the USS George H.W. Bush (CVN-77) — pair a Torpedo Warning System (TWS) towed behind the ship with a highly maneuverable Countermeasure Anti-Torpedo (CAT) that seeks and destroys the incoming enemy weapon. The CAT is currently being developed by the Pennsylvania State University Applied Research Laboratory.

The torpedo warning system is towed behind the ship. When the TWS detects an enemy weapon an operator on the ship decides whether or not to launch the CAT, NAVSEA told USNI News.

Development of the SSTD helps cover a serious threat to major U.S. ships from Soviet-designed torpedoes initially developed in the 1960s, naval analyst Norman Friedman told USNI News.

“Torpedoes are an often-unappreciated threat to surface ships,” he said. “The usual countermeasures are noisemakers intended to decoy an approaching homing torpedo. Unfortunately the Russians use wake-following torpedoes that do not respond to the usual countermeasures at all.”

The Russian Type-53 torpedo includes sensors that detect the churn made by ships underway. Once the torpedo senses the chopped water it will follow a ship in a S-pattern between the wakes until it finds its targets.

“Anyone who buys Russian Kilo-class submarines — almost anyone the U.S. would come into conflict with — uses torpedoes which do not respond to U.S. torpedo countermeasures,” Friedman said.

Russia has heavily exported the Kilo diesel/electric submarine to Southeast Asia and the attack boat is a mainstay of navies in Vietnam, India and China.

The Chinese People’s Liberation Army Navy fields 12 Kilos with Soviet-era Type 53-65 wake homing torpedoes with a range of 11.8 miles, according to the soon to be released 16th edition of the Naval Institute Guide to Combat Fleets of the World.

The Type 53-65 torpedoes, in wide use around the world, were developed in the mid 1960s and were the first Russian mass produced torpedo to include the wake homing technology, according to Jane’s Weapons: Naval.

As conflicts in the South China Sea intensify and the Pentagon shifts more forces to the Pacific, submarines have been high on the wish lists for countries in the region.

In 2007, a PLAN Song-class submarine surfaced near now-decommissioned USS Kitty Hawk (CV-63), raising questions how effective the Navy was at defending its carrier fleet.

Chief of Naval Operations, Adm. Jonathan Greenert, has called for increased research and development into anti-torpedo torpedoes since he took the top Navy job in 2011.

NAVSEA has more testing for the SSTD system scheduled for this year and plans to have the CAT and TWS reach so-called initial operational capability by 2019 and Fleet wide adoption of the system by 2035.

By USNI News Editor

First Rapid Prototype Torpedo Warning System Testing On Board CVN

March 2013 - USS GEORGE H.W. BUSH, At Sea (NNS) -- USS George H.W. Bush (CVN 77) and Naval Sea Systems Command (NAVSEA) PMS 415's Surface Ship Torpedo Defense (SSTD) team began at-sea testing and data collection of the Rapid Prototype Torpedo Warning System (TWS) and Countermeasure Anti-Torpedo (CAT) system, March 19.

This marks the first aircraft carrier employment of the TWS, which was installed during the ship's recent planned incremental availability (PIA) period.

The TWS was streamed in order to collect acoustic data and fine tune the system. The SSTD team, led by PMS 415 Program Manager, Capt. Moises DelToro, has worked on this high priority Chief of Naval Operations (CNO) system in order to be operational for CVN 77's upcoming deployment. Capt. DelToro and the SSTD Team have been extremely impressed and grateful for the support, enthusiasm, and professionalism shown by the ship's crew members during the testing and install period.

The TWS/CAT was previously tested only on board smaller ships, such as destroyers, but in 2011 Chief of Naval Operations (CNO), Adm. Jonathan Greenert, approved the system for use on board aircraft carriers. USS George H.W. Bush was chosen to be the first to test and operate this rapid prototype system.

According to Brad Robinson, TWS/CAT fleet liaison, the at-sea testing is a major milestone.

"We are able to put this array into the water and collect valuable data to enhance our software and make it a much more reliable alert system when it goes on deployment," said Robinson. "We are collecting noise and acoustics that we were unable to previously collect."

Over the next few months, CVN 77 will continue to test the TWS/CAT, allowing Sailors an opportunity to increase their knowledge of the system and ensure safe operation in the future.

"Our sonar technicians (surface) are learning how to work and use the system this week. We're really excited to have it on board," said Cmdr. Andrew Walton, the ship's operations officer. "While the NAVSEA team is embarked they'll be able to make adjustments for future operation based on the lessons learned."

USS George H.W. Bush (CVN 77) is currently completing training qualifications.

Story Number: NNS130321-12 Release Date: 3/21/2013 2:31:00 PM
By Mass Communication Specialist 3rd Class Samantha Thorpe, USS George H.W. Bush Public Affairs

In-Depth Wins SBIR to build EW Adaptive Trainer

March 2013 - In-Depth is pleased to announce the award of contract N00014-13-P-1088 on 13 May 2013 for the development of a “Next Generation Electronic Support Measures Trainer for Submarines.” The ONR awarded Phase I SBIR addressed the increasing use of computer based training (CBT) across the Navy and DoD; and the commensurate increased emphasis on adaptive approaches to CBT execution.

In-Depth’s innovative approach to adaptive feedback training ensures training validity by maintaining a clear linkage to approved learning objectives and provides a unique and addictive training experience to each trainee. Execution of this effort leverages previous IR&D in the domain of serious addictive gaming as well as AN/BLQ-10 development and production expertise.


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